Wednesday, 28 April 2021

CORONA: PRECAUTIONS- Instructions for the Patients and Care-Givers

CORONA: PRECAUTIONS- Instructions to the Patients and Care-Givers

Instructions to the Patients

• Patient should at all times use triple layer medical mask. Discard mask after 8 hours of use or earlier if they become wet or visibly soiled.

• Patient must stay in the identified room and away from other people in home.

• Patient must take rest and drink lot of fluids to maintain adequate hydration.

• Follow respiratory etiquettes all the time.

• Hands must be washed often with soap and water for at least 40 seconds or clean with alcohol based sanitizer.

• Don’t share personal items with other people.

• Clean surfaces in the room that are touched often (tabletops, door knobs, handles, etc) with 1% hypochlorite solution.

• The patient must strictly follow the physician’s instructions and medication advice.

• The patient will self-monitor his/her health with daily temperature monitoring and report promptly if develops any deterioration of symptom.

CORONA: PRECAUTIONS- Instructions for the Patients and Care-Givers

Instructions to Care-Givers

1 Mask:

• The caregiver should wear a triple layer medical mask appropriately when in the same room with the ill person.

• If the mask gets wet or dirty with secretions, it must be changed immediately.

• He/she should avoid touching own face, nose or mouth.

2 Hand hygiene

• Hand hygiene must be ensured following contact with ill person or his immediate environment.

• Use soap and water for hand washing at least for 40 seconds. Alcohol-based hand rub can be used, if hands are not visibly soiled.

• Perform hand hygiene before and after removing gloves.

3 Exposure to patient/patient’s environment

• Avoid direct contact with body fluids of the patient, particularly oral or respiratory secretions. Use disposable gloves while handling the patient.

• Avoid exposure to potentially contaminated items in his immediate environment (e.g. avoid sharing cigarettes, eating utensils, dishes, drinks, used towels or bed linen).

• Food must be provided to the patient in his room.

• Utensils and dishes used by the patient should be cleaned with soap/detergent and water wearing gloves. Use triple layer medical mask and disposable gloves while cleaning or handling surfaces, clothing or linen used by the patient.

• Perform hand hygiene before and after removing gloves.

4 Care of the patient and family members

• The care giver will make sure that the patient follows the prescribed treatment.

• The care giver and all close contact will self-monitor their health with daily temperature monitoring and report promptly if they develop any symptom suggestive of COVID-19 (fever/ cough/difficulty in breathing). 

Monitoring parameters:

1 Temperature: 3 times a day by thermometer (Inform if more than 100 Degrees F)

2 Oxygen saturation: 3 times a day (Inform if less than 94%)if Pulseoxymeter is available

3 Breath holding time: 3 times a day (Inform if less than 20 seconds)

4 6 minute walk test: 3 times a day (Inform if less than 94% & having breathing difficulty).

Nutritious diet

All foods can be taken (Veg/Non Veg).

Dry fruits/fruits to be taken.

Luke warm water 3-4 litres a day.

Milk and pepper 2 times a day.

Contact doctor or 108 urgently if patient has:

Shortness of Breath, Persistent fever, Chest pain, Loss of

Consciousness / Slurring of Speech.

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CORONA: PRECAUTIONS- Instructions for the Patients and Care-Givers